The leather used in our furniture is a natural material that comes from cattle hides. When the hide has been subjected to a tanning process and further processing to achieve the correct utilisation properties, it is called leather. One characteristic of hide is that it is marked by nature, vegetation and the care the animal has received. Cattle spend most of their lives outdoors and their hides will therefore be marked by external influences such as insect bites, tears, and scars, as well as wrinkles and stretch marks, etc.
Below are some of the properties of leather that you should be aware of: Leather is a natural product and is a beautiful and lively material for use in furniture. Each hide is unique in its structure, appearance, nuances and size. Ekornes may use several hides when making your furniture. This, together with the leather’s play of colours and natural marks, makes each piece of furniture unique. The leather will age and gain patina over time. It is important that you are aware of the fact that while leather furniture can withstand extensive wear and tear, its appearance will change over the years.
The following applies to all types of leather used by Ekornes: Hides absorb dyes differently, and the leather may therefore feature colour nuances. These are due to dissimilarities in the various fibre structures, which affect the colouring of the hide and how the hide absorbs the dyes during the tanning process.
TOP COLOUR AND BASIC HIDE COLOUR:
All our leather qualities are deep dyed, but a deviation may be apparent between the basic colour of the hide (the colour of the upholstery side of the furniture), and the colour of the grain side (the external side), i.e. the colour of the outer layer. This is normal. It is possible to use the same basic hide colour for leathers with different top colours. Dyes and dyeing methods may vary between the different leather colours and leather qualities. Therefore the basic colour and the colour of the top layer (which forms the wear layer and the final desired colour of the finished product) of a given leather quality may differ.
Some leather dyes have a two-tone colour effect (shadow/antique effect). Leather dyed with a two-tone effect may change character faster and wear more unevenly than leather dyed using a single colour. This particularly applies to areas of the furniture that are exposed to harder wear, such as armrests, seat cushions and neck supports.
TOP LAYER RESISTANCE:
The top layer protects the leather and simplifies cleaning, but is nonetheless vulnerable to soiling and wear. If the top layer / top colour is destroyed, the leather may deteriorate more quickly. Penetrating spills/damage/scratches are usually irreparable and may result in the top colour changing character, cracking or peeling off.
Denim clothing and hard textiles such as jeans expose the leather to significant wear, and may leave colour on the leather which is difficult to remove without risking the destruction of the top colour. Light leather colours are particularly vulnerable to such colour contamination.
COLOUR FASTNESS TO LIGHT:
All furniture leather used by Ekornes is resistant to light, but changes in colour may occur as a result of use and extensive exposure. Consequently, furniture should not be exposed to direct sunlight or direct heat from heaters and other heat sources. Leather is vulnerable to exposure to oils from direct contact with human skin (especially from the neck and hands).
IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER:
Remember that leather has a relatively long lifetime but may be easily destroyed through incorrect handling.
NATURAL MARKS : Some of these marks are important because they give the furniture individuality and add character to the leather. Others may mar the appearance, and are therefore hidden on the furniture, or the leather is not used. Ekornes has strict rules regarding the choice and use of leather. Below are details of the types of natural markings that may be found on the leather, and where you may find them on our furniture.
Type 1: Used on surfaces subject to wear and other highly visible parts of the furniture.
1.1 Healed scars.
1.2 Fat folds and neck wrinkles.
1.4 Uneven grain.
1.5 Colour differences resulting from leather variations.
1.6 Insect bites.
Type 2: Used on less visible parts of the furniture.
2.1 Salt stains.
2.2 Clusters of healed scars/bites/scratches.
Type 3: Used on hidden or less visible parts of the furniture.
3.1 Fertiliser stains.
3.2 Comb marks.
3.3 Marks caused by mechanical treatment during tanning or production.